Of course, in the wild, a tree can pretty much grow on its own, live a long life and bear fruit if it can. However, if you have a tree in your yard, you’ll want to maximize its lifetime and get the most fruit possible at the same time. Mother nature does a pretty good job but with a little help from man, her work can be improved upon. Trees that are properly pruned, not only can bear more fruits but will suffer from fewer diseases, less trauma during the cold and ice, and be far less susceptible to wind damage during a storm. Here are some tips on properly trimming trees the right way.
Start By Having All The Right Equipment
You should have a hard hat that will protect your head from falling branches and in case you fall from the ladder. You should also have a face mask or goggles to protect your eyes, even the smallest splinters or falling dirt could damage your eye or distract you from having an accident. A good pair of pruning loppers with a sharp blade will make cutting easier and a pruning saw with an extension handle is a necessity. If you’re getting up on a ladder, make sure it is a strong, fiberglass ladder and you have someone to steady it as well.
The best time to trim trees is in the late part of the fall or winter since most trees will be going dormant during the colder weather. This helps protect them from diseases that could attack the wounds where the cuts have been made. By the time spring rolls around the cuts will be almost completely healed. Fungus and insects are the main culprits that can cause the damage and they are less active in the colder months. Any larger branches that need to be cut should have their wounds coated with special latex tree paint to help protect them until they heal.
If You Live In A Colder Climate, Remember The Freeze
In many of the northern parts of the country, it can freeze frequently in the winter months. The worst conditions for trees are freezing rain, snow, and combinations of those two. The ice sticks to the branches, the snow piles up, the ice can pile on, and the extra weight cracks and breaks the branches. By trimming the branches back you can make sure they are stronger and more stout, able to withstand the extra weight of ice and snow.
For the purpose of aesthetics, there are a few different opinions on what makes a certain tree look good. Most pruners prefer to keep the inner branches from crossing each other. Plus, it’s important for the tree to have a balanced look, not high on one side and low on the other. Once a tree has been properly trimmed, it will be easier to keep in the same shape in the future. The branches will fill in nicely and the tree will grow in a more balanced way.
If you’re not sure on how to trim your trees the right way, you can have a professional do the job the first time and watch them carefully. After that, the follow-up pruning is easier and more logical since you’ve seen how it was done and the tree won’t be as far out of shape.